A Canadian may be Americaâ€™s first female cop
For years, U.S. historians have been at odds over the identity of Americaâ€™s first female cop. Was it Alice Stebbins Wells of the Los Angeles Police Department, who petitioned the city to get women on the force? Or Lola G. Baldwin of Portland, Ore., who crusaded for young, single working women and sought to weed out corruption in the city?
Now, a retired federal drug-enforcement agent and history buff from Chicago has come forward with what he says is unequivocal proof that the title actually belongs to Marie Owens, a tall, steely woman who specialized in enforcing the Windy Cityâ€™s child-labour and mandatory-education laws â€”and who hailed from Canada.
Rick Barrett says he has spent the last three years combing through Chicago city and Illinois state records, newspaper articles and genealogy documents, to chart the life story of Owens, who grew up in Ottawa, Ont., and then made her way to Chicago where she became a detective sergeant in 1891 â€”predating Wells and Baldwin by at least 15 years.
Barrett, 57, says he felt dutybound to go public because Owensâ€™ story had become confused in history textbooks with the story of another woman with a similar name, Mary Owens, the widow of a slain Chicago police officer.
“She had such a remarkable record and it was lost,â€ Barrett said. “It was unjust. It wasnâ€™t right.â€
Barrett says he plans to meet with representatives of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund in Washington, D.C. to share his findings about Marie Owens and to set the record straight.
This is the story he will tell:
Maria Connolly was born Dec. 21, 1853, in the tenements of Bytown, Ottawa, the daughter of Irish parents James Connolly, a butcher, and Mary Hayes. She was baptized at the Notre Dame Basilica in Ottawa.
In 1879, she married Thomas A. Owens and within a couple years, they moved to Chicago, where Thomas worked as a gas fitter.
In 1888, Thomas died of typhoid fever, leaving Marie Owens a widow and single mother of five young children.
Around this time, local newspaper reports were documenting rampant child exploitation in the cityâ€™s factories and stores. The city agreed to hire five women to work as factory and tenement inspectors at a salary of $50 a month.
Owens clinched one of the spots in 1889, beating out hundreds of applicants.
Impressed by her work, the police force seconded her to its detective bureau in 1891. One local newspaper article would later proclaim her “the only woman police sergeant in the world.â€
But enforcing the cityâ€™s child-labour laws wasnâ€™t easy in those early days.
“When the work was first begun a woman wearing a police sergeantâ€™s star was a novelty,â€ Owens wrote in an op/ed piece in the Chicago Daily Tribune in 1901.
“Manufacturers in some cases were not inclined to admit me to their workshops, but armed with the strong arm of the law and the will to do good I soon found that in most cases the merchants met me half way and rendered me great assistance.â€
According to Barrett, Owens convinced some department stores to close earlier in the evening to reduce the work hours for women and children, and also got some stores to install break rooms.
Owens was not someone you wanted to mess with. A 1906 article said Owens had such piercing eyes that “to imagine them placed upon a criminal is to imagine a criminal tortured with hot coals.â€
“Give me men like she is a woman and we will have the model detective bureau of the whole world,â€ her captain raved.
But news accounts from the time also portrayed Owens as “stately,â€ “graceful,â€ and sympathetic to the plight of child and women workers.
“I see so much unhappiness and misery that could be relieved by a few dollars,â€ she told a reporter in 1904. “If I were only able to supply those dollars how happy I should be!â€
But Owens also took the view that each child-labour case should be judged individually and that there were occasions when the best option was to allow children to keep working, such as when they were the breadwinners of widowed mothers or dependent families.
“She felt the law should be like a rubber band â€”flexible, â€ Barrett said.
“I think she was tough, independent but with a real good heart.â€
Owens retired in 1923 and moved to New York to live with her daughter. She passed away four years later.
Dave MacFarlan, a retired Chicago police detective and member of the Chicago Police History Committee, said local historians have known about Owensâ€™ history with the force, but no one has really delved into her past and uncovered records like Barrett has.
“God bless him. Heâ€™s one of my new heroes now,â€ he said.
If Owens was, indeed, the countryâ€™s first female police officer, then the record should be set straight, MacFarlan said.
“I hope she has that distinction. I believe she deserves it.â€
Source: Postmedia News